By Charles Herrick
Even if you are a newly clinically determined sufferer, a chum or relative, this booklet bargains support. the one quantity on hand to supply either the doctor's and patient's perspectives, a hundred Questions & solutions approximately Alcoholism provides authoritative, functional solutions for your questions about healing procedures, suggestion on dealing with the sickness, assets of aid, and lots more and plenty extra. Written by way of a fashionable psychiatrist, with genuine sufferer statement, this booklet is a useful source for a person dealing with the clinical, mental, and emotional turmoil of alcoholism.
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Additional resources for 100 Q&A About Alcoholism & Drug Addiction
Qxd 12/4/06 10:22 AM Page 20 100 QUESTIONS & ANSWERS ABOUT ALCOHOLISM 7. What is addiction? American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) established in 1989, was the first American medical society to focus on drugs and alcohol. Reinforcers the stimuli that are coupled with a behavior in operant conditioning that are either applied or removed to elicit the desired response. ” Addicts typically begin by experimentation, evolve into regular but controlled use, and ultimately find themselves in periodic episodes of loss of control over the use of alcohol that causes impairment in various areas of their lives, either physically or socially.
F. Skinner developed the theory of operant conditioning in the 1950s with the invention of the Skinner box. In operant conditioning, a reward is paired with a specific behavior, such as a rat pressing a lever in order to obtain food or water. The rate and intensity of the lever pressing can be measured against the type of reward offered. The number of lever pressings required can be varied in order to obtain a reward. Varying the numbers of pressings before a reward is given is known as intermittent reinforcement and is the most powerful way to sustain a behavior and hamper the extinction of that particular behavior.
If, however, his or her undesirable behavior is involuntary, it should be excused and prompt society to treat the person humanely in a manner that provides care and relief. Convincing someone that alcoholism is a disease appears to be, on the surface, a bit of rhetorical spin, especially when voluntary abstinence is the treatment of choice for a problem that argues that the choice to drink is not voluntary in the first place. qxd 12/4/06 10:22 AM Page 32 100 QUESTIONS & ANSWERS ABOUT ALCOHOLISM Eliciting stimuli plural for eliciting a stimulus.