Accounting

Download A Game Theory Analysis of Options: Contributions to the by Alexandre Ziegler PDF

By Alexandre Ziegler

ISBN-10: 3540656286

ISBN-13: 9783540656289

This ebook offers a style that mixes video game conception and choice pricing with a view to research dynamic multiperson choice difficulties in non-stop time and less than uncertainty. the elemental instinct of the tactic is to split the matter of the valuation of payoffs from the research of strategic interactions. while the previous is to be dealt with utilizing alternative pricing, the latter should be addressed via online game idea. The textual content indicates how either tools could be mixed and the way video game conception could be utilized to complicated difficulties of company finance and fiscal intermediation. along with offering theoretical foundations and serving as a advisor to stochastic online game thought modeling in non-stop time, the textual content includes a number of examples from the idea of company finance and fiscal intermediation. by way of combining arbitrage-free valuation thoughts with strategic research, the sport conception research of techniques truly presents the hyperlink among markets and agencies.

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Additional info for A Game Theory Analysis of Options: Contributions to the Theory of Financial Intermediation in Continuous Time

Example text

R. ~((~)-r*) SB r-r* =_ (1-0)ljJD(t) r-r* = (l+r*)2 (1- O)ljJD(t) r-r* SB (~J-r. (In(~J--l) SB SB l+r* (~J-r* _1_ln(~). SB l+r* SB Expression (45) is negative as long as S > SB' that is, as long as bankruptcy hasn't been declared. Now, from (42), (45) implies: aE(S) = aE(S) dr * > o. (46) a(12 ar * d(12 3. 2 , D(t) =50 and S = 100. As asset risk a is increased, equity value rises, thus leading to a risk-shifting problem. 4). This fact has an important implication for the optimal behavior of the lender: instead of monitoring asset value, he should focus on monitoring asset risk, since the latter is, in fact, the relevant variable for the bankruptcy decision of the borrower.

The approach taken in this chapter does this implicitly. By specifying a continuous 34 3. Endogenous Bankruptcy and Capital Structure interest payment with default on this payment triggering immediate liquidation, the analysis below de facto models firm equity as a knock-out option with an instantaneously extendible maturity, where the instantaneous interest payment is the premium to be paid in exchange for an infinitesimal extension of the option's maturity. The approach presented below differs from that presented in Chesney and Gibson (1994) in a second respect, however.

As the interest rate ¢J is increased, optimal leverage falls. lIy* ljJD(t) =S r - r * +a 1-0 2 12 [ 0 O+r*(O+a(l-O)) J (60) 54 3. Endogenous Bankruptcy and Capital Structure is independent of tjJ. The sign of dD(t) / d(r - r*) is difficult to ascertain analytically. 8. 6 III > CD iii E E. 8: Optimal leverage D / S for different values of l/J and the following parameter values: (J =1 / 3. 2 . As the interest rate r* is increased. optimal leverage falls. 2 Interest Payments vs. Increase in the Face Value of Debt Using the optimal capital structure result above, the question of how debt service is going to be split between r* and tjJ can now be addressed.

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