By Amy E. Stich
Set opposed to the backdrop of democratization, elevated chance, and entry, income-based gaps in collage access, patience, and commencement keep growing, underlining a deep contradiction inside American greater schooling. In different phrases, regardless of the well-intended, now mature technique of democratization, the postsecondary method continues to be charged with excessive degrees of inequality. within the curiosity of uncovering the mechanisms wherein democratization, as presently conceived, preserves and perpetuates inequality in the process of upper schooling, this ebook reconsiders the function of social classification within the creation and dissemination of data, the valuation of cultural capital, and the copy of social inequalities. Drawing upon the author's year-long qualitative examine learn inside of one "democratized" establishment of upper schooling and its linked paintings museum, entry to Inequality explores the vestiges of an exclusionary historical past inside of greater schooling and the...
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Extra resources for Access to Inequality. Reconsidering Class, Knowledge, and Capital in Higher Education
Whereas earlier work had focused on the dyadic husband-wife relationship as the locus of the most important conversations about limiting births, newer work has identified conversations within the same “action-groups” (Smith 1987), “communication communities” (Szreter 1996), or social networks (Behrman, Kohler and Watkins 2002), as of equal if not greater importance for understanding how attitudes towards birth control are shaped, legitimated, or changed. In societies with populations differentiated by religion, ethnicity, language or residential differences – particularly when these different characteristics reinforce one another – the influences of networks of association are of particular importance.
Although the use of denominational labels to analyze the possible association between denominational cultures and attitudes towards birth control has led to inconsistent results, other approaches have been somewhat more fruitful. One is to use the presence of biblical names of children as a measure of the strength of Protestant religiosity across denominations, an approach that seems to yield relatively consistent results in predicting family size (Hacker 1999). These studies can be confounded, however, by the regional concentration of various American Protestant denominations (Hacker 1999: 357-8), which meant that certain denominations lived in economic and social settings quite different from others, making it difficult to disentangle the independent effects of religious affiliation.
How these formal theological positions or cultural values are translated to individual behavior and what is the role of religious networks and institutions are only occasionally studied. The argument is often that cultural factors come into play after it is clear that demographic, economic, and other structural determinants have been explored and found incomplete as explanations of fertility variation and change. In classical demographic theory and even in some newly constructed variants, cultural variation is often considered primarily a mask for more basic and unmeasured socioeconomic structural sources and at best a marginal and untested set of determinants of fertility.